PHP vs Java: Differences & Similarities for Web Development

PHP is a server-side scripting language and Java is a general-purpose programming language. PHP supports server-side language only and Java supports both client-side and server-side language. Below we discuss PHP vs Java differences & similarities for web development.


PHP stands for Hypertext Preprocessor and it is an open-source, server-side, general-purpose scripting language that can be embedded in HTML files and HTML codes written in a PHP file. PHP provides a number of benefits including:


Easy to learn.

Efficient coding language.

Plenty of support.

PHP vs Java: Differences & Similarities for Web Development


Java is an open-source, general-purpose programming language, and cross-platform programming language. Java compiler converts code into bytecode and afterward, JVM converts it for the device and it runs. Java provides a number of benefits including:


Easy to learn.

Platform independence.

PHP vs Java: Differences & Similarities for Web Development

PHP vs Java: Similarities

It is essential to understand that both are programming languages that comes up with similarities.


Java and PHP are open-source which means both languages are available for public usage and it is easy for developers to modify and redistribute.

Easy to learn

If you are familiar with the syntax, then PHP and Java are easy to learn the programming languages.

Object-oriented programming

Object-oriented programming expresses programs in terms of “objects”. All object-oriented programming concepts like polymorphism, encapsulation, inheritance, etc are followed by both PHP and Java.

PHP vs Java: Differences

Compiled vs interpreted

Java is a compiled programming language which means that you may run it on any OS no matter where it was originally written. The difference between Java and PHP is the implementation. PHP is an interpreted language and Java is compiled into bytecode and run on JVM.

Static vs dynamic

Java is static typed. This approach helps detect errors in the early stages of the Systems Development Life Cycle process. PHP is a dynamic language.

API calls

Java can communicate easily with any API. When it comes to API calls it has some restrictions in PHP.


PHP vs Java depends entirely on the requirements of your project. Both PHP vs Java is used for software development, including web application development and web development.